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Ghosts from Atrocities

Ghosts from Atrocities

WARNING:

Some of the artworks contains graphic images

Images that some may find disturbing and upsetting

Please do not proceed if you do not want to

see art depictions war atrocities and suffering.

 

Gallery VIII of the Philippine National Musuem called Silvina and Juan C. Laya Hall. This gallery contains depiction of artist during World War 2. The exhibit expresses suffering, destruction and death during this dark time in our history. These events happened in the past which is a reminder for us about the ugliness of war. History that should not be repeated as it only brings despair to humanity. Local artists from the dark era captured and depicted scenes during the Japanese Occupation from 1941 to 1945.

 

The Burning of Manila

1942

Artist – Fernando Amorsolo

Oil on Masonite

 

Painted by Fernando Amorsolo who is one of our National Artists. He is known for his art depicting landscapes, Philippine culture and customs. His popular works shows peaceful landscapes with natural light and backlighting  technique. From his light and peaceful creations he shifted to scenes of destruction due to this time of war. A depressing era but after the war he reverted back painting landscapes and culture.

Also a part of the gallery is the Liberation of the Philippines by American forces.

Landing of the Liberation Forces in Lingayen

1940

Artist – Eduardo Perrenoud

Oil on Wood

The Leyte Landing

1948

Artist – Romeo V. Tabuena

Oil on Lawanit

Bombing has caused destruction and left places in Manila to ruins.

Ruins of a Quiapo Street

1949

Artist – Nena L. Saguil

Oil on canvas

Ruined Gate of Fort Santiago

1949

Artist – Nena L. Saguil

Oil on canvas

More ruins from popular places in Manila captured by artists.

Top left

Ruins of Quiapo

Bottom left

Ruins of Escolta

Right side

Ruins of Sales street in Quiapo

Artist – Diosdado Mo Lorenzo

1946

Oil on panel

Burning of St. Domingo Church

1942

Artist – Fernando Amorsolo

Oil on Canvas

Another work from Fernando Amorsolo capturing the burning church. Known to be the first church to be destroyed during this war. A direct hit from a bomb left the church in ruins.

Evacuation

1949

Artist – Oscar R. Espiritu

Oil on Canvas

 

The savagery of war left many people homeless and forced them to flee the war torn city.

Fugitives from the Japanese

1944

Artist – Dominador Castaneda

Oil on Board

A Plea for Freedom from Fear

1949

Artist – Fermin Gomez

Plaster of Paris

Ruins of Legislative Building

1945

Artist – Fernando Amorsolo

Oil on Panel

Perfectly captured the destroyed building in 1945 but was reconstructed in 1949. It was used by Congress and now serves as the National Museum. It was reconstructed using old recovered blueprints and most was done only by remembering how it looked like.

This section focuses on the Bataan Death March where 60,000 to 80,000 Americans and Filipinos were forced to march for almost 70 miles. During the march almost 20,000 died and at the prison Camp O’Donnell additional of more than 20,000 also died.

A Tragic Lesson (The Fall of Bataan)

1957

Artist – Gene Cabrera

Oil on Canvas

Bataan Death Marcher

Undated

Artist – Gene Cabrera

Metal and Wood

Graveyard Scene

Undated

Artist – Carlos Valino Jr.

Oil on Canvas

More people have died at this camp due to disease or killed. People died in hundreds per day and was buried in mass graves.

Capas

1948

Artist – Demetrio Diego

Oil on Canvas

A scene after the death march where prisoners are suffering from disease in over crowded barracks. No medical care was provided and American medical prisoners took care of the sick with very little medical supplies.

Mealtime at the Prison Camp

1945

Artist – Wenceslao S. Garcia

Oil on Canvas

This section of the gallery was the hardest to look at due to the disturbing, violent and graphic scenes.

Rape and Massacre in Ermita

1947

Artist – Diosdado M. Lorenzo

Oil on Canvas

A very painful scene that shows the ugliness of war. No nation should experience to go thru such ordeal. A dark time in history that should never ever be repeated again. Now just a painful memory and a scar to those who survived that ordeal. A painting remains which is a lesson for humanity that war only leads to pain and death.

Death March

1948

Artist – Dominador Castaneda

Oil on Canvas

Scenes of hopelessness and despair.

Ravaged Manila

1945

Artist – Dominador Castaneda

Oil on Canvas

These are ghosts of the past, time passed apologies and memorials have been made. Moving on is the road to heal the pain and suffering from memories from the past. It is a painful history which cannot be undone but moving on, learning from the past mistakes and helping each other to ensure that war atrocities will never be repeated again.

Resource
All information sourced and photos are original shot from
Nationalmuseum

Bataan Death March

Fernando Amorsolo

Old Legislative Building 

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All photos are original and taken with

Lumix GX85 and 12-32 mm